definitionEvacuation routes and infrastructure in cities that are prone to flooding need to be flood proofed. Available options to reduce the negative impacts of flooding are maintenance and condition of infrastructure, use of appropriate design and materials, creation of floating roads and creation of elevated roads for evacuation routes.
Co-benefits and impactsThe benefits of flood (or in general climate) proofing and therefore flood proofing are avoided damages to property (e.g. destruction of buildings), forgone economic activity as a result of damages (e.g. electrical outages, failed bridges), effects on health and human life, and impacts on environmental services (e.g. erosion, loss of natural capacity to protect from future climate change). Typically, these benefits are not straightforward to monetize because they are not observable through market transactions and do not have prices. Quantification of them, therefore, usually requires some form of nonmarket valuation (Kotchen M., 2013, p. 109).
conditionsThe flood (or in general climate) proofing of infrastructure can be conceptualized from an economics standpoint as insurance against the adverse impacts of climate change. Determining the right amount of climate proofing requires consideration of both the costs and benefits.(Kotchen M., 2013, p. 108).
FRI indicators (Show all)Availability of flood-proofing constructions of strategic infrastructures
Availability and level of accessibility of emergency road network
Embodying flood risk in Building code
Embodying climate change predictions in spatial urban planning
Embodying flood risk in urban planning
Availability of financial resources enabling the development and implementation of evacuation plans before human loss
Responsible authorities Learning and adapting from previous events
Protection against soil erosion
Last modified: Sept. 16, 2016, 5:48 a.m.