Resilience measure: Flood shelter


Flood shelters are created in areas which experience severe flooding. Elevated flood shelters should be constructed above the highest expected flood levels. They should be easily accessible and should be able to accommodate all people in the vicinity (Climate app, Flood shelter, accessed on Sept. 2016). Flood shelters may help in saving lives and properties. These shelters can be used to manage relief and rehabilitation activities in an organized way. Providing shelter in the most vulnerable areas, which cannot be protected by structural measures due to practical reason, seems to be a plausible solution. According to Bangladesh typology, flood shelter could be categorised in community flood shelter, school-cum shelter and shelter for individual families.
(Alam M.J.B and Hossain Alip Md., 2002, . 177)

Co-benefits and impacts

Shelters may also serve other purposes too. Community flood shelters can accommodate families within the range of 150-250. In community shelters, people usually stay in the makeshift houses. Some of them have structures erected on them where schools and other community functions are held during normal time. the other normal-time uses of community flood shelters include playground and local market place. Usually, such kind of shelters provide toilets and water supply. The school-cum-shelter is a building on stilts that functions as a school in normal time. During flood, the ground flood is used for sheltering cattle and people take refuge upstairs. The disruption of academic activities of schools because of turning them into shelters is perceived as a matter of concern. The reality is tht during flood time, the schools are rendered unable to continue their regular activities (Collins A. et. al., 2015, p. 147).

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Last modified: Sept. 16, 2016, 5:24 a.m.