definitionThe municipal plan expresses the shared goals, objectives and priorities of a community and allows its members to work together for a specific goal e.g. flood control/protection, in coordination with nearby communities, the region and the state as a whole.
(Vermont, Flood Ready State of Vermont, accessed on Sept. 2016).
Its goal is to remove readiness barriers (e.g. lack of clarity about who is responsible, what elements of the planning and response processes are critical, how to coordinate with state and federal emergency management programs, and how to obtain and sustain funding, etc.) by providing all communities with strategies, processes, and tools for coordinated emergency management planning (Joint Commission, 2005).
Creation of a municipal plan through which response guidance will be provided to the citizens in case of an extreme event occurs by assuring (ensuring) the alert, the information, the protection and the support of the population.
Co-benefits and impactsMunicipal plans are of primary importance in crisis management. All people involved in master plans can benefit from receiving information about best practices and lessons learned in other communities and in the region, state, and nation. Developing an “information stockpile” used within master plans support also educational and communications activities. Such information can be gathered from a variety of sources, including local and regional meetings, Internet resources, desktop exercises, and reviews of how other communities are planning for or have responded to emergencies and disasters
(Joint Commission, 2005).
Case studies (Show all)Red alert exercise and Protection plan, Les Boucholeurs
Climate Adaptation Plan, Greve
General plan - dike reinforcement, dike shortening and coastal protection,Marshland, Schleswig-Holstein (20th c.)
FRI indicators (Show all)Availability and level of spatial coverage of emergency communication systems
Availability of emergency evacuation routes
Level of accessibility of roads which are important for solid waste management and transportation network
Support of announcements (e.g. via email, SMS) to target groups by the EWS
Use of an Early Warning System (EWS)
Use of a real-time monitoring in the river network
Use of a real-time monitoring of hydraulic structures and urban drainage system
Level of implementation of Flood Directive in Local level
Establishment of Stakeholders Committee on flood risk
Availability of plans for management of existing road network and protection from flood risk
Availability of crisis management plan with maps
Development and availability of regulations and specifications depending zones of flood risk
Land use control
Embodying climate change predictions in spatial urban planning
Embodying flood risk in urban planning
Citizens Learning and adapting from previous events
Responsible authorities Learning and adapting from previous events
Multidisciplinary knowledge exchange (engineer, architect/urban planner, sociologist, economist, politician - city government, etc.)
Knowledge exchange between scientific community and authorities
Informal coordination of citizens' actions within community
Active involvement and support of citizens in flood risk related activities
Protection against soil erosion
Last modified: Sept. 15, 2016, 6:56 a.m.