Resilience measure: Urban forest and park


An urban forest is a forest or a collection of trees that grow within a city, town or a suburb. In a wider sense it may include any kind of woody plant vegetation growing in and around human settlements. Cities can use parks to reduce public costs for stormwater management, flood control, transportation, and other forms of built infrastructure
(Wikipedia, Urban forest, accessed on Sept. 2016).

Co-benefits and impacts

Parks can also protect biological diversity and preserve essential ecological functions while serving as a place for recreation and civic engagement. They can even help shape urban form and reduce opposition to development (reduce paved surface), especially when planned in concert with other open spaces. Urban forest and park increase infiltration capacity
(American Planning Association, 2007).


Even though urban forest and parks are primarily considered as long-term measures, they can also be characterised as short-term if they are connected with recharge ponds or water squares.
(Citiscope, Cathcart-Keays A., 2016).

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Long term

Last modified: Sept. 21, 2016, 10:07 a.m.