Resilience measure: Afforestation


Land use conversion is a general term for large scale geographic change. Afforestation is one such land conversion in which trees are planted on previously non forested areas. Depending on the tree species planted and the intensity of forest management, afforestation may have more or less environmental benefits. The greatest environmental benefits are probably associated with planting of indigenous broadleaves and low intensity forestry. Plantation forestry with exotic species is likely to be less beneficial to the environment. (NWRM, Land use conversion, access on Sept. 2016)

Co-benefits and impacts

Main benefits are: slow/store runoff, reduce erosion and/or sediment delivery.
(NWRM, Land use conversion, access on Sept. 2016)

Related Links

FRI indicators (Show all)

Infiltration capacity of paved areas to reduce runoff
Availability of regulations defining reconstruction/renovation procedures after flood events
Possibility and capability of modifying Building Code on reconstruction procedures
Level of implementation of Building Code
Embodying flood risk in Building code
Availability and implementation of regulations enhancing adaptation/mitigation
Preservation of wetlands and green spaces
Land use control
Embodying climate change predictions in spatial urban planning
Embodying flood risk in urban planning
Availability of resources assisting in quicker and more efficient drainage of flooded areas
Responsible authorities Learning and adapting from previous events
Multidisciplinary knowledge exchange (engineer, architect/urban planner, sociologist, economist, politician - city government, etc.)
Knowledge exchange between scientific community and authorities
Protection against soil erosion
Protection againsts wildfires
Level of coverage of the region with forests and dense vegetation

Time scales (Show all)

Long term

Problem types (Show all)


Last modified: Sept. 19, 2016, 9:33 a.m.