Source: [The Ministry for Climate Protection, Environment, Agriculture, Conservation and Consumer Protection of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia, 2010]


In North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, the forest conversion from conifers towards deciduous woodlands lowered the water demand of the forests and shows positive effects on natural groundwater recharge.

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Last modified: Jan. 28, 2016, 5:20 p.m.