Resilience measures

Name Definition
Evacuation routes at elevated level Evacuation routes at an elevated level are necessary to allow for safe evacuation in flood events. They should be constructed above the highest expected flood level. People affected by the floods can use the routes to reach safe (higher) ground. (Climate app, Evacuation routes at elevated level, accessed on Sept. ...
Flood proof infrastructure Evacuation routes and infrastructure in cities that are prone to flooding need to be flood proofed. Available options to reduce the negative impacts of flooding are maintenance and condition of infrastructure, use of appropriate design and materials, creation of floating roads and creation of elevated roads for evacuation routes.
Emergency exit of buildings above highest flood level The main exit of a building is traditionally positioned at ground level. In case of a flood this only exit may be blocked by water and debris taken by the waterflow. Emergency exits should be placed at the highest possible flood level. Also existing windows can be redesigned as emergency ...
High water mark A high water flood mark is a point that represents the maximum rise of a body of water over land. Such a mark is often the result of a flood and aims at protecting the collective memory of citizens against flood risk and raising people's awareness (Wikipedia, High water mark, ...
Tubes Tubes (air filled or water filled) flood protection products are typically pre-fabricated geo-membrane or reinforced PVC tubes filled with air or water to form a dam. They utilise air or water, usually in abundance during flood events. Tubes are another example of temporary flood protection systems. (Ogunyoye F. et. al., ...
Evacuation plan The purpose of evacuation is to relocate people temporarily from areas at risk of the consequences of flooding to places of safety. Emergency evacuation plans are developed to ensure the safest and most efficient evacuation time of all expected residents of a structure, city, or region. A benchmark "evacuation time" ...