Resilience measures

Name Definition
Emergency operation centre and personnel An Emergency Operation Centre (EOC) is a central location where response personnel can coordinate and make decisions in support of emergency response activities at the site level. Emergency preparedness involves as much pre‐planning as possible and the designation of a variety of emergency facilities can enhance response logistics when an ...
Flood forecasting and early warning Flood forecasting is an important component of flood warning. Flood forecasting involves prediction of water levels and flows at particular locations at a particular time, while flood warning is the task of making use of the flood forecasts to make decisions on whether flood warnings should be issued to the ...
Aquifer recharge Aquifer recharge is achieved by adding surface water in basins, furrows, ditches, wells or other facilities where it infiltrates into the soil and recharges the aquifers. Aquifer recharge allows water retention underground. During flood events, water can be redirected to aquifer's area. (Bouwer H., 2001)
Afforestation Land use conversion is a general term for large scale geographic change. Afforestation is one such land conversion in which trees are planted on previously non forested areas. Depending on the tree species planted and the intensity of forest management, afforestation may have more or less environmental benefits. The greatest ...
Evacuation plan The purpose of evacuation is to relocate people temporarily from areas at risk of the consequences of flooding to places of safety. Emergency evacuation plans are developed to ensure the safest and most efficient evacuation time of all expected residents of a structure, city, or region. A benchmark "evacuation time" ...
Land use plan / spatial planning Spatial planning systems are the methods used by the public sector to influence the distribution of people and activities in spaces of various scales, whereas land use plans govern/regulate the possibilities of construction on the territory of the municipality through definition of building codes and zoning ordinances (Nilsson K. and ...
Flexible water level management Flexible water level management involves anticipating precipitation that has been forecast. The water level is lowered before a shower is expected, to create additional water storage capacity. By using flexible natural fluctuations in the water level, improvements can be achieved in rainfall runoff characteristics. In wet periods water levels are ...
Data collection Data collection is the process of gathering and measuring information on targeted variables in an established systematic fashion, which then enables one to answer relevant questions and evaluate outcomes (Wikipedia, Data Collection, accessed on Sept. 2015). Especially in flood risk management, when a major incident occurs and government is providing ...
Beach nourishment Beach nourishment is an adaptation technology primarily used in response to shoreline erosion, although flood reduction benefits may also occur. It is the process by which sediment (usually sand) lost through longshore drift or erosion. Beach nourishment is typically part of a larger coastal defense scheme. It is a soft ...
Emergency supplies and utilities Emergency supplies and utilities are necessary in case of a flood emergency. It should consist of food and drinks, first aid kit and other provisions to survive or continue operating for instance a hospital or business. (Climate app, Emergency supplies and utilities, accessed on Sept. 2016)
Green roof Green roof belongs in the category of SUstainable Drainage Systems (SUDS) and aims at source controlling. A green roof or living roof is a roof of a building that is partially or completely covered with vegetation and a growing medium, planted over a waterproofing membrane. Primary objective is the reduction ...
Stormwater harvesting system Stormwater harvesting (SWH) consists in collecting, storing and reusing stormwater collected from drains or creeks, on the contrary to rainwater harvesting (RWH), where rainwater is directly collected from roofs. SWH is particularly common in Australia and New Zealand, while almost unknown in many other countries where RWH is preferred. (Staub ...
Municipal flood control plan The municipal plan expresses the shared goals, objectives and priorities of a community and allows its members to work together for a specific goal e.g. flood control/protection, in coordination with nearby communities, the region and the state as a whole. (Vermont, Flood Ready State of Vermont, accessed on Sept. 2016). ...
Public awareness, information, education and communication Inform local citizens and visitors about the major hazards through public meetings, flyers, website, training, collaborative platforms, brochures, public presentations, internet portals, etc. Along with conventional methods for disseminating messages on flooding, in recent years frontline responders have started to use social media. Social media tools can provide a valuable ...
Elaboration of municipal archives on major hazards Through municipal archives, citizens will be able to be kept informed about both the natural and technological risks to which the municipality has been subjected throughout the years as well as the implementation of selected measures aiming at prevention, forewarning and protection.
Prescription on the construction code Impose implementation of measures for mitigation and vulnerability reduction through the construction code of town planning. (ASFPM, Modifications to Existing Floodplain Structures, accessed on Sept. 2016).
Rescue plan The aim of flood rescue operations is to move people from immediate or potential harm to safety. Failed evacuation operations (e.g. evacuation operations which have been initiated too late and have not been completed before egress routes are lost) can result in the need for large-scale coordinated rescue plans to ...
Rainwater storage beneath sports fields One option for creating additional water storage facilities is storing in underground crates. This is a hidden technology that fits the criteria of sustainable urban planning. An interesting form of multiple uses of single spaces is realising water storage beneath sports fields. The technical aspects are simple to achieve using ...
Amphibious building Amphibious buildings lie on the ground out of flood periods and are likely to float when the water level rises during flood. They do not therefore float permanently unlike the floating buildings which can be found in many countries in urban areas along lakes or slow-flowing rivers. The principle is ...
Coastal setback Coastal setbacks are a prescribed distance to a coastal feature such as the line of permanent vegetation, within which all or certain types of development are prohibited. A setback may dictate a minimum distance from the shoreline for new buildings or infrastructure facilities, or may state a minimum elevation above ...
Evacuation routes at elevated level Evacuation routes at an elevated level are necessary to allow for safe evacuation in flood events. They should be constructed above the highest expected flood level. People affected by the floods can use the routes to reach safe (higher) ground. (Climate app, Evacuation routes at elevated level, accessed on Sept. ...
Water square The water square combines water storage with the improvement of the quality of urban public space. It makes money invested in water storage facilities visible and enjoyable. When heavy rains occur, rainwater that is collected from the neighbourhood will flow visibly and audibly into the water square. Short cloudbursts will ...
Monitoring and flood forecasting through partnerships Organizing and recording partnerships between the various actors so that optimal responsiveness of the population can be produced in case of a warning of a flood event. Strong need in this area for understanding and agreeing on roles and responsibilities including communication with the public and between agencies. Information from ...
Flood hazard mapping Flood hazard mapping is an exercise to define those areas which are at risk of flooding under extreme conditions. As such, its primary objective is to reduce the impact of flooding through better predictive capacity. It acts as an information system to enhance our understanding and awareness of flood risk. ...
Vulnerability assessment Vulnerability assessment is important in to consider in risk management and flood damage assessment. Researches with vulnerability subject involves diverse descriptions for vulnerability; in United Nations’ description vulnerability is a degree of damage to a certain objects at flood risk with specified amount and present in a scale from 0 ...
Hydrological and Meteorological Observatory Hydrological and Meteorological Observatory is an observation service dedicated to long-term monitoring of climatological and hydrological changes. It gathers data from an observation network located at different latitudes so as to sample the characteristic eco-climatic gradients of the region. Recorded data might be utilised in different parts of flood management ...
Emergency exit of buildings above highest flood level The main exit of a building is traditionally positioned at ground level. In case of a flood this only exit may be blocked by water and debris taken by the waterflow. Emergency exits should be placed at the highest possible flood level. Also existing windows can be redesigned as emergency ...
Rainwater harvesting system The term rainwater harvesting refers to reuse of stored water, including water purification, and can form part of a sustainable drainage system. Although its main purpose is the increase of water supply in areas of water scarcity where the conventional water supply has failed to meet the demand of the ...
Wet-floodproofing technology Wet-floodproofing can be an appropriate approach to improve the flood resilience of new and existing buildings, particularly in areas at high flood risk. Wet-floodproofing is defined as a strategy that permits water to enter a property rather than dry-proofing which prevents ingress. Hence, the principle intention of wet-proofing is to ...
Rain garden A rain garden is a planted depression or a hole that allows rainwater runoff from impervious urban areas, like roofs, driveways, walkways, parking lots, and compacted lawn areas, the opportunity to be absorbed. This reduces rain runoff by allowing stormwater to soak into the ground (as opposed to flowing into ...