Resilience measures

Name Definition
Tubes Tubes (air filled or water filled) flood protection products are typically pre-fabricated geo-membrane or reinforced ...
Flood shelter Flood shelters are created in areas which experience severe flooding. Elevated flood shelters should be ...
Maintenance of hydraulic structures of the storm drainage system Set up regulations on maintenance of the hydraulic structures and drainage network infrastructures so that ...
Canal and rill Canals and rills are open surface water channels with hard edges. They are simply channels ...
Managed realignment Managed realignment or managed retreat allows an area that was not previously exposed to flooding ...
Community involvement Community involvement is a bottom up approach which involves the community in decision-making process. For ...
Rainwater disconnection Rainwater disconnection, i.e. the separation of the sewage system from the rainwater discharge system, is ...
Evacuation routes at elevated level Evacuation routes at an elevated level are necessary to allow for safe evacuation in flood ...
Emergency exit of buildings above highest flood level The main exit of a building is traditionally positioned at ground level. In case of ...
Prescription on the construction code Impose implementation of measures for mitigation and vulnerability reduction through the construction code of town ...
Check valve A check valve or non-return valve is installed in pipes which are vulnerable for backflow ...
Rip rap Rip rap is large boulders of rock that are placed along the edge of the ...
Dredging of watercourse The term dredging is used to refer to the systematic removal of accumulated material from ...
Network of waterways A network of waterways is mainly focused on connecting water bodies which are located near ...
Hydrological and Meteorological Observatory Hydrological and Meteorological Observatory is an observation service dedicated to long-term monitoring of climatological and ...
Floating agricultural system Floating agriculture is a way of utilising areas which are waterlogged for long periods of ...
High water mark A high water flood mark is a point that represents the maximum rise of a ...
Flood forecasting and early warning Flood forecasting is an important component of flood warning. Flood forecasting involves prediction of water ...
Flood hazard mapping Flood hazard mapping is an exercise to define those areas which are at risk of ...
Red alert exercise A red alert emergency exercise enables the simulation/testing of population/authorities response and plans in case ...
International loan Emerging-economy governments have the opportunity to borrow at low interest rates from international lending organizations ...
Conventional urban drainage systems The purpose of urban drainage systems (a.k.a. collection systems) is to enable safe and reliable ...
Flood proof infrastructure Evacuation routes and infrastructure in cities that are prone to flooding need to be flood ...
Increased capacity of sewer/drainage system Increasing the capacity of the sewer/drainage system increases the ability of the system to drain ...
Monitoring and flood forecasting through partnerships Organizing and recording partnerships between the various actors so that optimal responsiveness of the population ...
Pond A pond is a body of standing water, either natural or artificial, that is usually ...
EU Flood Risk Management Directive EU adopted the Flood Risk Management Directive. Directive 2007/60/EC on the assessment and management of ...
Dike inspection and/or recovery Inspection of the flood protection dikes takes place in order to observe and assess the ...
Raised kerb Kerb or curb is the edge of the pavement at the side of the road. ...
Revetment Revetments are sloping structures placed on banks or cliffs in such a way as to ...
Tax relief After a disaster, the government can raise funds for disaster rehabilitation with a tax. Like ...
Buildings as flood defence New and existing buildings in flood risk areas can be used as flood defence. The ...
Breakwater Breakwaters are structures constructed on coasts as part of coastal defense or to protect a ...
Toroba Toroba is a homemade diversion structure that is used to divert flood water for water ...
Fascine A fascine is a bundle of sticks or brushwood used in construction, generally to strengthen ...
Flood emergency framework Flood emergency framework sets out the government’s strategic approach to achieving the aims set out ...
Unused sewers Many towns and cities have large numbers of unused sewers. It is often too expensive ...
Ditch A ditch is usually defined as a small to moderate depression created to channel water. ...
Stormwater retention tank Stormwater tanks are an effective way of reducing peak flow and equalising flow rates from ...
Pumping station A pumping station is used to discharge water out of an area. It can be ...
Creation of a second dike line A second dike line is created by building other dikes, mostly bigger dikes, on the ...
Filter drain A filter drain is a gravel filled trench, generally with a perforated pipe at the ...
Dike reinforcement Dike reinforcement describes the process of strengthening the dike by e.g. raising the dike height, ...
Dike relocation A new dike is built further away from the river or the coast after which ...
Groyne A groyne is normally a straight structure perpendicular to the shoreline. Groynes work by blocking ...
Filter trench Filter trenches are shallow excavations filled with rubble or stone that create temporary subsurface storage ...
Demountable flood protection barrier Demountable flood protection barriers consist of a combination of removable and pre-installed permanent components. The ...
Grated channels Grated channels collects water at the side of the road and can channel water in ...
Dwelling mound A dwelling mound is an artificial hill made from earth, created to provide safe ground ...
Land claim The main objective of land claim is neither erosion nor storm reduction. The aim of ...
Floodplain excavation Floodplain excavation is a measure by which gradual height increase caused by sedimentation on flood ...
Filled container These are cellular barriers filled with aggregates or water to form a barrier against floodwater. ...
Swale A swale is a low tract of land, especially one that is moist or marshy. ...
Sandbag wall A sandbag is a bag or sack made of hessian / burlap, polypropylene or other ...
Family emergency planning Disasters and emergencies such as floods can affect people in any part of the world ...
Public awareness, information, education and communication Inform local citizens and visitors about the major hazards through public meetings, flyers, website, training, ...
Vulnerability assessment Vulnerability assessment is important in to consider in risk management and flood damage assessment. Researches ...
Adjustment of fairway Adjustment of the fairway contains every constructional measure to a navigable channel, e.g. Broadening of ...
Building without a crawlspace Crawlspaces vent the underside of a building and thereby prevent the moulding of dry wooden ...
Rainwater storage beneath sports fields One option for creating additional water storage facilities is storing in underground crates. This is ...
Sediment replenishment Sediment replenishment method is one of new measures of sediment management mostly used in river ...
Elaboration of municipal archives on major hazards Through municipal archives, citizens will be able to be kept informed about both the natural ...
Multi-level capacity building According to the UNDP, in the global context, capacity refers to the ability of individuals ...
Storm surge barrier Storm surge barriers are hard engineered structures with a primary function of preventing coastal flooding. ...
Emergency operation centre and personnel An Emergency Operation Centre (EOC) is a central location where response personnel can coordinate and ...
Polder A polder is a low-lying tract of land enclosed by embankments (barriers) known as dikes ...
Flexible water level management Flexible water level management involves anticipating precipitation that has been forecast. The water level is ...
Bioretention area A bioretention area is a stormwater treatment system that is a depression integrated into the ...
Data collection Data collection is the process of gathering and measuring information on targeted variables in an ...
Port restructuring Restructuring of the layout of the port, its equipment and flood protection system.
Coastal setback Coastal setbacks are a prescribed distance to a coastal feature such as the line of ...
Amphibious building Amphibious buildings lie on the ground out of flood periods and are likely to float ...
Beach nourishment Beach nourishment is an adaptation technology primarily used in response to shoreline erosion, although flood ...
Independent commission for flood and disaster risk reduction An Independent commission is a politically independent executive arm. It is alone responsible for drawing ...
Hydraulic filling Hydraulic Fill is fill in which the materials are deposited by a flowing stream of ...
Weir A weir is a barrier across a river designed to alter the flow characteristics. In ...
Budget diversion Governments of emerging-economy countries raise money for disaster response and rehabilitation by diverting funds from ...
Safety margins in new investment Uncertainties in climate change make it difficult to predict precisely the required degree of protection. ...
Sunken lane A sunken lane (also hollow way or holloway) is a road or track which is ...
Cascading flood compartment system The “system of cascading flood compartments” combines area prevention with constructional solutions. The idea is ...
Emergency supplies and utilities Emergency supplies and utilities are necessary in case of a flood emergency. It should consist ...
Sluice A sluice is a gate used to control the rate of flow of water. It ...
Living with water - principles The pursuit of a safe, healthy and sustainable water management is of national interest in ...
Wet-floodproofing technology Wet-floodproofing can be an appropriate approach to improve the flood resilience of new and existing ...
Dike A dike or levee is an elongated artificially constructed embankment, which protects low-lying areas against ...
Municipal flood control plan The municipal plan expresses the shared goals, objectives and priorities of a community and allows ...
Freestanding barrier These modular systems are made of impermeable materials and are joined together to form a ...
Wharf Wharf is the oldest term in English referring to port structures. It denotes any structure ...
Multi-functional flood defences Multifunctional Flood Defences (MFD) is a newly developed concept to optimize allocation of urban space ...
Flood control dam A flood control dam is a dam built to catch surface runoff and stream water ...
Floodwall A floodwall is a primarily vertical artificial barrier designed to temporarily contain the water of ...
Rain garden A rain garden is a planted depression or a hole that allows rainwater runoff from ...
Stormwater harvesting system Stormwater harvesting (SWH) consists in collecting, storing and reusing stormwater collected from drains or creeks, ...
Wetland and wetland restoration A wetland (Natural or Constructed/Artificial) is a land area that is saturated with water, either ...
Permeable paving Permeable paving is a range of sustainable materials and techniques for permeable pavements with a ...
Sectional barrier These systems consist of multiple sections made of rigid materials such as steel or fibreglass ...
Social network mapping Social network mapping can help stakeholders to locate their place within a wider network, and ...
Gutter A gutter is a non-permeable open drain to collect transport rainwater. Usually a gutter runs ...
Seepage barrier Seepage barriers are constructed in order to control and mitigate the subsurface flow, or seepage ...
Reserve funds Building a catastrophic reserve fund is one of the measures assisting risk management as it ...
Green wall A green wall is a wall partially or completely covered with vegetation that includes a ...
River Training River training refers to the structural measures which are taken to improve a river and ...
Dry-floodproofing technology Dry floodproofing is a method of flood preparation that involves building designs and material choices ...
Evacuation plan The purpose of evacuation is to relocate people temporarily from areas at risk of the ...
Deculverting of watercourses This activity involves techniques to resolve the issues created by culverted watercourses. This is predominantly ...
Urban forest and park An urban forest is a forest or a collection of trees that grow within a ...
Retention of rainwater in the vicinity of a roundabout In case of an extreme event the surface runoff is conveyed by the streets to ...
Frame barrier Frame barriers consist of rigid frames with impermeable membranes or sections spanning between them. They ...
Stilt house building A stilt house is a raised structure that is most commonly built above water, although ...
Flood insurance Flood insurance is an important risk management tool that can be applied at various levels: ...
Land use plan / spatial planning Spatial planning systems are the methods used by the public sector to influence the distribution ...
Aquifer recharge Aquifer recharge is achieved by adding surface water in basins, furrows, ditches, wells or other ...
Soakaway Soakaways are square or circular excavations either filled with rubble or lined with brickwork, pre-cast ...
Flood detention reservoir Flood detention reservoir, also known as an attenuation or balancing or flood control reservoir or ...
Afforestation Land use conversion is a general term for large scale geographic change. Afforestation is one ...
Seawall Seawalls are hard engineered structures with a primary function to prevent further erosion of the ...
Green roof Green roof belongs in the category of SUstainable Drainage Systems (SUDS) and aims at source ...
Rescue plan The aim of flood rescue operations is to move people from immediate or potential harm ...
Bypass channel Bypass channel, also known as a flood-relief channel, is an artificially made waterway constructed in ...
Government debt instrument A common way for emerging-economy governments to raise funds after a disaster is to borrow ...
Floating road Road transport infrastructure and evacuation routes that are prone to flooding need to be flood ...
Water square The water square combines water storage with the improvement of the quality of urban public ...
Improved construction site preparation Improved construction site preparation is focused on improving the strength and drainage capabilities of an ...
Floating building The basic characteristic of floating buildings is that they are not supported by a firm ...
Building elevation Building elevation is a measure mainly suitable for new constructions, but it can also be ...
Multi-layer safety as a central concept for flood protection The central concept for the revised water safety policy is formed by 'multi-layer safety'. In ...
Rainwater harvesting system The term rainwater harvesting refers to reuse of stored water, including water purification, and can ...
Increase of infiltration capacity Improving the soil infiltration capacity means improving the permeability of the soil. If the infiltration ...
Flood gate These barriers are made of a single or pair of rigid sections (usually steel or ...
Building relocation A building relocation is the process of moving a building from one location to another. ...
Filter strip Filter strips are gently sloping, vegetated strips of land that provide opportunities for slow conveyance ...
Artificial sand dunes and dune rehabilitation Naturally occurring sand dunes are wind-formed sand deposits representing a store of sediment in the ...